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The role of cobalt chloride in feed

View: 10 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-11-02 Origin: site

 The role of cobalt chloride in feed

Cobalt is an essential trace element in the living body of livestock and poultry, and plays an irreplaceable role in the growth and development of livestock and poultry, as well as in disease prevention and treatment. The role of cobalt chloride  in feed is: cobalt is mostly present in the liver in the form of vitamin B12. Actively participates in the synthesis of insulin, which greatly affects the number of red blood cells. It can prevent thyroid disease and reduce the affinity of carbon monoxide for red blood cells. Participate in the synthesis of complexes and relieve the toxicity of cyanide. It has a very significant effect on anemia. Cobalt plays an important role in hematopoiesis, protein synthesis, folic acid storage, thiolase activation, and myelophospholipid formation.


The cobalt contained in the cobalt chloride additive can promote the body's better absorption of zinc and various nutrients, and also indirectly help the metabolism of amino acids and proteins, stimulate the metabolism of the rumen, and enhance the ability of microorganisms to digest cellulose. Improve the production performance of cattle and sheep, increase the concentration of vitamin C and hemoglobin in the plasma of ruminants and the number of red blood cells. It can effectively stimulate the activities of lipase, amylase, trypsin, nuclease and arginine in ruminants, promote the body's fat metabolism and the utilization of ketone bodies, enhance the reproductive ability of cattle and sheep, and effectively resist the invasion of tuberculosis.


On the contrary, the absence and participation of cobalt in the activities of living body will inevitably lead to the occurrence of many diseases, which will endanger the growth and development of livestock and even lead to death.


The lack of cobalt provided by cobalt chloride additives in livestock and poultry will affect the formation of vitamin B12, thereby inhibiting many important respiratory enzymes in cells, causing cell hypoxia, resulting in an increase in compensatory hematopoietic function, and then causing DNA synthesis in bone marrow cells Slowly, causing megaloblastic zinc anemia. It will also cause mouth and tongue ulcers and bone marrow degeneration.


Cobalt deficiency will affect the synthesis of various organisms - especially the synthesis of nucleic acids, leading to the occurrence of leukemia. The content of cobalt in the body interferes with calcium ions, which will cause the permeability of sodium and potassium to be changed, thereby causing cataracts.


In livestock and poultry feeds, if cobalt chloride is not added to cause the lack of cobalt element, it will inevitably lead to inappetence, weight loss, weakness, haggard, liver steatosis, anemia and other symptoms of ruminants. Sheep are also depressed due to cobalt deficiency, their heads are lowered, their ears are drooping, they like to lie down and move, pica, the visible mucous membranes are pale, their facial hair is wet, and their growth stops.