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Function and application of vitamin C in aquaculture

View: 7 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-11-23 Origin: site

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Function and application of vitamin C  in aquaculture

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a white or slightly yellowish crystalline powder, easily soluble in water, and mainly exists in some green feeds. According to the author's many years of diagnosis and treatment experience and experience in the Veterinary Hospital of Xingtai City, Hebei Province, the application of vitamin C in pig production is briefly described as follows.

Anti-stress effect of vitamin C

Adding 20 mg to 50 mg of vitamin C per kilogram of feed can effectively relieve stress and reduce the incidence of pig herds to ensure their healthy growth.

Anti-all kinds of adverse stress Environmental stress, pathological stress and nutritional stress will affect the synthesis and utilization of ascorbic acid in pigs, which will lead to the lack of vitamin C in pigs, ranging from reducing food and drink to severe diseases. C and the cases that cause pig herds to become sick or even die are not uncommon in production. Therefore, adding vitamin C to the feed can make pigs grow healthily.

Anti-heat stress During heat stress, adding vitamin C to the feed can reduce the capillary permeability of the body, enhance the body's disease resistance, reduce hepatic fatty degeneration, and reduce mortality. Adding vitamin C in the feed can increase the auxin content in the pig's serum, increase the body weight, and improve the immune function. Vitamin C can also reduce the effect of toxic substances and relieve allergic diseases. Metabolism and heat production will not be too high, enhance the body's adaptability to high temperature, benefit the development and growth of pigs, and reduce the morbidity and mortality of pigs under high temperature.

Vitamin C can enhance the immune function of pigs

During the growth process of pigs, especially in the stage of piglets, immunity is frequent, and sometimes once encountering stress, the immune titer is significantly reduced. Adding vitamin C to feed can not only improve the impact of stress factors on pig immunity, but also slow down the immune suppression caused by high temperature. In production practice, when pigs are immunized, vitamin C is added to the feed, and the immune effect will increase.

Vitamin C promotes growth

With the increasing level of the pig industry, adding vitamin C to the feed in the modern pig industry can alleviate scurvy caused by the lack of ascorbic acid and vitamin K, and promote the growth of the body, especially in the feeding stage of piglets. Feeding with C mixture can make piglets grow evenly, reduce the appearance of stiff pigs, and improve the survival rate.

Vitamin C improves pig fertility

Adding vitamin C to the feed can significantly improve the quality of boar semen, increase the birth rate of sows, and have a satisfactory effect on promoting the production of breeding pigs. Because vitamin C can regulate calcium metabolism, promote calcium absorption and utilization, increase sperm formation and semen volume, so adding vitamin C can improve fertilization rate, childbirth rate and piglet quality.

The role of vitamin C in the prevention and treatment of diseases

In addition to the prevention and treatment of scurvy, vitamin C is also commonly used to prevent and treat various infections of pigs and to treat high fever, trauma or burns, so as to enhance the body's disease resistance and promote wound healing.

When the hemostatic effect is given to the tail of piglets, vitamin C is added to the feed, which can reduce bleeding and promote wound healing. In addition, supplementing vitamin C can reduce the permeability and fragility of capillaries, so as to achieve the purpose of hemostasis. Clinically, when coccidiosis occurs in pigs, adding vitamin C can improve the hemostatic function, shorten the recovery period after infection, and reduce mortality. When treating fresh wounds, in addition to conventional treatment, spray vitamin C injection onto the wound and the wound cavity, and then cover the wound with a layer of gauze dipped in vitamin C injection, which is conducive to wound healing.