Detailed explanation of beef cattle fattening technology
Beef cattle are a kind of cattle that mainly produce beef, with plump body, rapid weight gain, high feed utilization rate, good meat production performance, and good meat taste. Therefore, it is very suitable for farmers to breed. With the increasing demand in the catering market in recent years, farmers do not have to worry about the sales of beef. So what are the fattening techniques that beef cattle need to master? Let's take a look!
Many cattle farmers do not have a reasonable feed mix plan, but add various feeds at will according to their own feelings, which is easy to cause nutritional imbalance, which will not only affect the growth of beef cattle but also cause feed waste. The nutrient needs can be reasonably matched with the feed.
Concentrate mix: corn 62%, soybean meal 24%, wheat bran 8%, premix 4%, salt 0.8%, baking soda 1.2%; coarse mix: silage corn stalk 60%, soybean stalk or peanut flour 20% , 20% high-quality green hay; diet mix: the ratio of concentrated and roughage in the early stage of fattening is 4:6, the ratio of concentrated and roughage in the middle stage of fattening is 4.5:6.5, and the ratio of concentrated and roughage in the later stage of fattening is 5:5. (You can make appropriate adjustments to the above feed mix plan according to local feed resources)
2. Timing quantitative
The feeding of beef cattle must be done regularly and quantitatively, so that beef cattle can develop good living habits, so as to improve the appetite and feed utilization rate of beef cattle, and then improve the growth rate of beef cattle. Generally, the daily dry matter intake of beef cattle in the fattening period is 2.8%~3.2% of their body weight. They can be fed twice in the morning and in the evening, plus a supplement. Generally, feeding in the morning can account for 35% and feeding in the evening can account for 45%. %, supplementary feeding can account for 20%, and there must be an interval of more than 6 hours between each feeding so that the beef cattle can fully rest and regurgitate. In addition, if the food cannot be eaten within 2 hours after feeding, the leftover material should be cleaned up in time to avoid deterioration and affect the appetite of the next meal.
3. Insist on feeding
Traditional cattle raising in rural areas is used to heating and cooking the feed before feeding, but this method is not very suitable for modern cattle raising. First, it requires a lot of labor and fuel to increase the cost of cattle raising. Second, after high temperature treatment, the feed in the feed Nutrition will be lost by 10% to 15%. Thirdly, improper heating will increase the nitrite content in the feed and cause cattle nitrite poisoning. Therefore, it is best for cattle farmers to change cooked feeding to raw feeding. It should be noted here that the anti-nutritional factors contained in soybeans will affect the digestion and absorption of beef cattle. Therefore, when feeding soy feed, the anti-nutritional factors must be destroyed by heating or other methods. However, the soybean meal and soybean cakes sold on the market are generally It has been overheated during processing, so reheating is not necessary.
4. Feed as wet as possible
There are three methods of feeding beef cattle: dry feeding, thin feeding and wet feeding.
Dry feeding: Direct feeding of dry food saves time and effort, but beef cattle need a lot of saliva to soak the feed during the feeding process, which will have a certain impact on appetite. In addition, dry food will also weaken the gastrointestinal digestive function and cause feed utilization. certain influence.
Thin feeding: adding a lot of water to the feed looks like a thin soup. The cattle seem to be very full after eating, but in fact most of the food they eat is water. Not only is there not enough nutrients for beef cattle to digest and absorb, but also a lot of water. It will increase the circulatory burden of beef cattle and consume energy in vain, which is not conducive to the fattening and fattening of beef cattle.
Wet feeding: Add appropriate water to the feed and mix well, and it is advisable to hold it into a ball with a little water droplets oozing out between the fingers, which can not only soften the feed to improve the palatability, but also improve the digestion and utilization rate of the feed, which is very beneficial to beef cattle. Grab fat and gain weight.