Analysis of the profit level and changing trend technical level of laying hens
Profit level and change trend
From the perspective of scale,laying hen farming enterprises are developing towards scale and intensification. The profit level of large-scale enterprises is higher than that of small and medium-sized enterprises, and the profit margin is relatively stable. From the perspective of the industrial chain, because egg price fluctuations have a more direct impact on the profits of commercial generation layer hen breeding enterprises downstream of the industrial chain, the profit level of grandparent and parental generation layer hen breeding enterprises upstream of the industrial chain is higher than that of commercial generation hen breeding enterprises. The profit margin of laying hen enterprises is relatively stable.
The level of profit margin of the laying hen farming industry fluctuates greatly, which is a prominent feature of the industry. Whether it is a large-scale enterprise or a small-scale enterprise, whether it is an upstream parent generation egg breeder breeding enterprise in the industrial chain or a downstream commercial layer egg breeding enterprise, they are all troubled by this factor. There are four main factors affecting profit fluctuations in the laying hen farming industry: First, the adjustment of production capacity in the animal husbandry industry lags behind. When the industry's profit margins increase, producers increase their inventory, and the increase in supply leads to a reduction in profit margins. This in turn leads to a reduction in producers' stocks. The second is the fluctuation of downstream egg prices, which is mainly affected by factors such as macroeconomics, seasons, and sudden epidemics. The third is the cost of feed raw materials, mainly due to price fluctuations of bulk agricultural products such as corn and soybean meal. Fourth, labor costs and environmental governance costs have risen. Technical level and characteristics The technologies in the laying hen farming industry mainly include laying hen breeding and hatching technology, commercial replacement laying hen breeding technology, feed formula and processing technology, disease prevention and control technology and welfare breeding technology, etc.
1. Laying breeder breeding and hatching technology
At present, domestic grandparents and parental laying breeders mainly adopt three breeding methods: cage breeding, large cage natural mating, and full-mesh high-bed flat rearing. Among them, full-mesh high-bed flat breeding is the mainstream breeding mode of American layer breeders. The main advantages are that the parent generation layer breeders can move freely on the mesh surface, the bones of the chickens are relatively strong, the quality of the eggshells is good, and the natural attributes of the chickens can be To be satisfied is one of the welfare breeding modes of laying hens. The insemination techniques of layer breeders are mainly divided into natural insemination and artificial insemination. Among them, artificial insemination is used in cage breeding. Both the large cage breeding and the full-mesh high-bed flat-breeding mode adopt natural self-crossing. At present, the company adopts the full-mesh high-bed flat-raising and natural self-crossing technology, and has achieved good breeding results.
The hatching of large-scale laying hens and commercial laying hens in my country mostly adopts multi-stage roadway hatching and single-stage large box hatching. The main technologies include breeding egg treatment, hatching, laying eggs on trays, hatching, sex identification and immunization and other links, the issuer adopts the world's advanced single-stage large-box incubation technology, which can implement precise and personalized temperature-changing incubation solutions to accurately meet the temperature and humidity requirements of the chicken embryo development stage, especially the use of carbon dioxide concentration control technology and dynamic embryo weightlessness control technology , The comprehensive use of dynamic egg table temperature detection technology and simultaneous hatching technology has improved the overall hatching rate and healthy mother and chick rate.
2. Commercial laying hen breeding technology
China's commercial laying hen breeding is basically a two-stage full cage breeding mode. The types of chicken houses are fully enclosed chicken houses, semi-open chicken houses and open chicken houses. Standardized chicken houses are basically Our production facilities include eight major systems, namely feeding system, drinking water system, lighting system, egg collection system, manure cleaning system, ventilation system, cooling system and operation automation system. The main technologies of commercial layer chicken breeding include young reserve chicken breeding technology, immunization technology, lighting program design technology, full-price feed configuration technology, disease control technology and environmental control technology, etc., depending on the type of chicken house and the configuration of facilities and equipment, There are also differences in technical requirements. At present, the newly built chicken houses with a breeding capacity of 50,000 to 100,000 chickens have a high degree of mechanization and automation, and have high requirements for feeding and management technology. After more than 30 years of development, the laying hen breeding industry in my country A breeding model and supporting technology suitable for my country's national conditions have been established, and the overall management level has been continuously improved.
3. Disease prevention and control technology
The outbreak and spread of poultry diseases will adversely affect the production and operation of poultry farming enterprises and the entire industry. Therefore, only by continuously improving their own disease prevention and control technology can enterprises actively respond to the impact of the epidemic and reduce corporate losses. Combined with the compulsory immunization measures for specific epidemic diseases formulated by the state, most large poultry enterprises in my country have established epidemic prevention and control systems that combine the characteristics of each region and breed. The main epidemic prevention and control measures include scientific farm site selection, internal layout, environmental disinfection, monitoring of poultry health status, implementation of epidemic prevention measures and vaccination.
4. Large-scale and standardized feed formula and processing technology Layer hen farming enterprises mostly use industrialized and standardized feed products. Feed formula and processing technology directly affect the quality of layer feed, and also affect the efficiency and benefits of layer hen farming.
First of all, according to the different stages of growth and development of laying hens, formulating a scientific and reasonable feed formula is one of the foundations to ensure the efficiency and benefit of laying hens. In addition, since the prices of feed raw materials such as corn, soybean meal, and bran fluctuate greatly, large-scale breeding enterprises also need to consider feed costs, adjust the proportions of various raw materials in the formula in time, and reduce feed as much as possible on the premise of meeting the requirements of feeding and production. cost. At the same time, according to the feed formula and particle size requirements, the feed processing process should adjust the processing technology in time. At present, most large-scale breeding enterprises have built their own feed processing factories, and adopt the processing method of assembly line, which can ensure the quality of feed processing.